American Presidents





Millard Fillmore
Letters

Millard Fillmore


In the following letter to Congress dated August 6, 1850, Filmore recommends that Texas be paid to relinquish its claims to at part of New Mexico.

If Texas militia, therefore, march into any one of the other States or into any territory of the United States, there to execute or enforce any law of Texas, they become at that moment trespassers;
August 6, 1850

If the laws of the United States are opposed or obstructed in any State or Territory by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the judicial or civil authorities, . . . it is the duty of the President either to call out the militia or to employ the military and naval force of the United States or to do both if in his judgment the exigency of the occasion shall so require.... If Texas militia, therefore, march into any one of the other States or into any territory of the United States, there to execute or enforce any law of Texas, they become at that moment trespassers; they are no longer under the protection of any lawful authority, and are to be regarded merely as intruders; and if within such State or Territory they obstruct any law of the United States, whether by power of arms or mere power of numbers ... the President of the United States is bound to obey the solemn injunction of the Constitution and exercise the high powers vested in him by that instrument and by the acts of Congress.


Millard Filmore

[The above letter is reproduced exactly as written and was obtained through the archives at the Library of Congress]


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